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Glaze Balancers and Percentages

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ALUMINA

This is an aluminium oxide.
It is produced by the refining of bauxite.
Having a high melting point, it is used as a refractory material.

SILICA

Quarz pottery glaze look.

Silica, which is the chemical name for the mineral quartz and a synonym for silicon dioxide.
Used in the manufacture of special refractory materials for ceramics.

FLUXES

Each has different properties that affect the glaze color and texture.

ALKALINE

ALKALINE EARTHS

METAL FLUXES

Sodium - Na Calcium - Ca Lead - Pb
Soda Ash
(Na2 CO3)
Whiting /Calcium Carbonate ** BEWARE
* Soda Feldspar Lime
Boric Ox. (B2O3) Dolomite (Ca2 Mg CO3)
Borax
(Na2O 2B2O3 1OH2O)
Gerstley Borate / Colemanite
Wollastonite (CaO3 SiO2)

ALKALINES ALKALINE EARTHS METAL FLUXES
Potassium - K Magnesium-Mg Zinc - Zn
* Potash Feldspar Talc (3MgO 4SiO2 H2O) Zinc Oxide (ZnO)
* Nepheline Syenite
(K2O 3Na2 4Al2O3 9SiO2)
*Cornwallstone
(K2O Al2O3 3SiO2)

ALKALINES ALKALINE EARTHS METAL FLUXES
Lithium - Li Barium - Ba Strontium - Sr
* Petalite
(Li2O Al2O3 8SiO2)
(Note: toxic)
* Lepidolite
* Spodumene
(Li2O Al2O3 4SiO2)

Modifiers

OPACIFIERS

Opacifiers % Comments
Antimony (Sb2O3) 10 to12 Toxic
Tin(Sn2) 5 to 7 use in majolica glaze
Titanium(TiO2) 8 to12 texture, crystals
Zinc(ZnO) 2 to 8 crystals, high shrinkage

COLORANTS

Colorant % Color
Cobalt
Co
.25 to 5 blue
Iron Fe 1 to14 tan, yellow, brown
Copper Cu 1 to 6 green, red
Rutile 2 to10 tan, mottled
Manganese MnO2 2 to10 mauve, gray
Nickel NiO2 1 to3 gray
Chrome Cr2O3 1 to 6 green
Vanadium
Pentoxide
5 to10 yellow

Even if you are on the right track, you'll get run over if you just sit there.



Tips - Definitions - Clay Projects - Pottery Gallery - Pottery Tools - Glazes - All About Clay

Have you ever come up with a good idea while working with your handmade pottery and thought that you would like to share it with others? You have? Well, why not send it to us and we will add it to the tips page for all to see.

Handmade pottery can be a very gratifying hobby that produces fun and satisfying results. For many people it's an enjoyable release that is created by working an inanimate mound of clay into a beautiful work of art that you made through your artistic abilities.

The best way of starting out is to take a few lessons from Youtube. You will probably waste quite a bit in materials when you first get started. Figuring out how to truly make handmade pottery correctly and shape into what you want it to be can be quite an ordeal. The different tools that a normal shop will have can be fun to try. You will soon see which ones you like to use the most and then when you are ready you will know which ones to buy.

With the help of the internet, you can now purchase most if not all of your ceramic and pottery tools and supplies online. We are located far from any well supplied dealers and yet working with reliable ceramic and pottery suppliers online has allowed us to recieve most of our orders within a timely manner.

When you get all set up, just enjoy the hobby and have fun at it. Some people get pretty serious and start selling their creations at craft fairs and small stores, but others just like to create items for themselves, relatives, and friends. Whichever kind of handmade pottery you desire to endeavor, enjoy the hobby and have fun doing it.

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